HISTORY MEME : (1/9) Kings/Queens - Queen Razia Sultan
Raziyya al-Din (1205 – October 13, 1240) usually referred to in history as Razia Sultan, was the Queen of Delhi in India from 1236 to May 1240. Like some other Muslim princesses of the time, she was trained to lead armies and administer kingdoms if necessary. Razia Sultana was the only woman ruler of both the Sultanate and the Mughal period. She succeeded her father Shams-ud-din Iltutmish to the Sultanate of Delhi in 1236. Iltutmish became the first sultan to appoint a woman as his successor when he designated his daughter Razia as his heir apparent. She dressed like a man and sat in open durbar. She was an efficient ruler and possessed all the qualities of a Monarch. As a child and adolescent, Razia had little contact with the women of the harem, so she had not learnt the customary behavior of women in the Muslim society that she was born into. As Sultan, Razia preferred a man’s tunic and headdress; and contrary to custom, she would later show her face when she rode an elephant into battle at the head of her army. (+)
- 6 days ago
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- 6 days ago
RAZIA SULTAN: EMPEROR FROM 1236-1240
Its really important that as Muslim women (and women in general!), we have strong female role models to research and be inspired by. Whilst we have the usual figures such as the Prophet’s wives and daughters (who, by the way, were extraordinarily talented and really strengthened Islamic thought), we only know of these figures through their relationship with the Prophet.
Its always refreshing to find women who were powerful, strong headed and noble in their own right. Razia Sultan is one of them.
She was the first (and only) female sultan of India, who constantly challenged patriarchy and persistently fought for coexistence between Hindus and Muslims; she wanted to abolish the tax on non-Muslims citing Quranic rulings and Hadith to support her argument. Oh, and she also wouldn’t tolerate you calling her ‘Sultana’ because it means ‘wife of a Sultan.’
Aside from campaigning for religious tolerance, throughout her short reign she also lead armies, conquered territories and founded schools, libraries, research centers and mosques.
Her tale is one of committed triumph, and although has a tragic end, serves as a momentous model for strong, intelligent and powerful femininity.
^^^ There is actually a Hindi film called Razia Sultan, which I haven’t seen but have heard it mainly focuses on her relationship with Jamal Ud-Din Yaqut (typical!)
If anyone’s seen it, please let me know if its worth watching!
- A x
- 6 days ago
Raziyya al-Din (1205 – October 13, 1240), throne name Jalâlat ud-Dîn Raziyâ, usually referred to in history as Razia Sultan, was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236 to May 1240. She was of Seljuq slave ancestry and like some other Muslim princesses of the time, she was trained to lead armies and administer kingdoms if necessary. Razia Sultan, the fifth Mamluk Sultanate was the only woman ruler of both the Sultanate and the Mughal period.
Razia succeeded her father Shams-ud-din Iltutmish to the Sultanate of Delhi in 1236. Iltutmish became the first sultan to appoint a woman as his successor when he designated his daughter Razia as his heir apparent. Even before she became Sultan, she was reportedly preoccupied with the affairs of state during her father’s reign. As Sultan, Razia preferred a man’s tunic and headdress; and contrary to custom, she would later show her face when she rode an elephant into battle at the head of her army.
A shrewd politician, Razia managed to keep the nobles in check, while enlisting the support of the army and the populace. Her greatest accomplishment on the political front was to manipulate rebel factions into opposing each other. At that point, Razia seemed destined to become one of the most powerful rulers of the Delhi Sultanate.
Razia is said to have pointed out that the spirit of religion was more important than its parts, and that even the Islamic prophet Muhammad spoke against overburdening the non-Muslims. On another occasion, Razia reportedly tried to appoint an Indian Muslim convert from Hinduism to an official position but again ran into opposition from the nobles.
Razia was reportedly devoted to the cause of her empire and to her subjects. There is no record that she made any attempt to remain aloof from her subjects, rather it appears she preferred to mingle among them. Her tolerance of Hinduism would later bring her criticism from Muslim historians.
Razia established schools, academies, centers for research, and public libraries that included the works of ancient philosophers along with the Qur’anand the traditions of Muhammad. Hindu works in the sciences, philosophy, astronomy, and literature were reportedly studied in schools and colleges.
Razia refused to be addressed as Sultana because it meant “wife or mistress of a sultan”. She would answer only to the title “Sultan”.
- 2 weeks ago
When I began this blog, it was my intention to keep it strictly focused on the art of Palestine, and not to use it as a sounding block for pro-Palestinian politics. This is not to say the two things are unrelated — to the contrary, the art coming out of Palestine and from those living in exile is often explicitly political, and in all cases is shaped by the ongoing occupation of Palestine. My feeling was, and largely still remains, that this is a place for contemplation rather than debate. In light of the latest assault on Gaza, however, I have been doing a lot of talking with friends about BDS. What started as a conversation bemoaning the affiliation of MAC cosmetics with Zionist causes rapidly turned into a project; I spent the better part of a day compiling a list of cosmetics, health and personal care brands to avoid if you’re boycotting Israel, along with alternative products to use.
The process was abysmal. Surely, I have taken care never to underestimate US corporate ties with Israel, but even so, the explicit connections and the vast scope of products involved is frankly demoralizing. That said, the boycott of Israeli goods is a vital step towards liberation for Palestine, and if you are interested in learning more, visit the BDS website and consult the list below.
A note about the scope and content: I focused on health and beauty items because they are the items I use most in my daily life, and because my friends — who seem disproportionately to be incredibly beautiful and well-groomed femmes — wanted to know about the products they are using. To do an exhaustive list is impossible at this juncture, though I hope to make lists focused on different sales arenas in the future. Topically, it bears repeating that Palestine is a feminist issue — we as women and/or feminist advocates should remember this as we make choices about the kind of products we buy for our bodies.
The list is after the cut, please share widely!
- 2 weeks ago
You guys … THIS IS HAPPENING and it is EXCITING!
What do you think of this casting choice?! I actually like it! She’s beautiful and yet looks tough as nails - the only thing they MUST do, is dye her hair black!
The worry I have though, is she looks just a tad bit older to Zombie (played by Nick Robinson) - (she actually is a couple of years older) - but I think that works fine given how toughened Ringer is and all that she’s been through! But basically … I ship Zombie and Ringer! <3 TOTES!
Also, Liev Schrieber is in talks to play Col. Vosch, the big baddie of the movie!
And …. yay because the sequel, The Infinite Sea is less than 6 weeks away!
(Oh and the film releases on January 29, 2016)
- 2 weeks ago
So … just making a quick post (and I shall make a more detailed post about this), while the Vampire Academy movie didn’t really do well this year, for many reasons), producers and fans are hoping to make the sequel Frostbite, a reality! There is a new screenwriter involved, Piers Ashworth (St. Trinians), who producers say has written a script “very true” to the book. I know, I know, we’ve heard that before … but judging from the small script tidbits we’ve gotten, it looks promising.
But the hard part isn’t over yet! While the producers have secured funding, they can’t get a greenlight unless the financers can see evidence of actual fan interest - and so the producers have turned to crowd-funding - to raise $1.5 million by September 5th. So far, in less than a week, more than $150,000 have been raised - but it’s not enough.
Seeing as the number of donors stand at 2000, while the producer’s FB page has 360,000+ fans and the book page has more than one million fans, there is a SERIOUS issue.
I understand that not everyone can pay, but if anyone can spare $1 or $5 or even $10 …. it will go a VERY long way and better yet, if you can share the news everywhere - it will go even further!
The crowdfunding is set up at IndieGoGo, have a look at it, there are videos, messages from the producers and screenwriter and even from the cast - Lucy, Danila, Dominic and Sami, in video form! Please check it out and please give VA a chance at redeeming it’s name! I’ll definitely write more about this in a few days!
And oh … if you contribute, there are perks - the script, shirts, hoodies, signed photos from the cast incl the one who’ll play Adrian and even a chance at being a student in the background!!
So from a fan of the franchise that needs to really get a jump start - I make this humble appeal! Please consider helping out!
- 2 weeks ago